For learning outcomes
1.1 - Compare management information systems (MIS) and information technology (IT)
1.2 - Describe the relationships among people, information technology, and information.
1.3 - Identify four different departments in a typical business and explain how technology helps them to work together.
1.4 - Compare the four different types of organizational information cultures and decide which culture applies to your school.
Information Technology's Impact On Business Operations
- Organizations typically operate by functional areas or functional silos
- Functional areas are interdependent
- Information technology (IT) - a field concerned with the use of technology in managing and processing information.
- Information technology is an important enabler of business success and innovation.
- Management information systems (MIS) - A general name for the business function and academic discipline covering the application of people, technologies, and procedures to solve business problems.
- MIS is a business function, similar to Accounting, Finance, Operations, and Human Resources.
- When beginning to learn about information technology it is important to understand.
- IT cultures
- Data - raw facts that describe the characteristic of an event.
- Information - data converted into a meaningful and useful context.
- Business intelligence - applications and technologies that are used to support desicion-making efforts.
Organizational information cultures include :
- Information - Functional cultures - Employees use information as a means of exercising influence or power over other. For example, a manager in sales refuses to share information with marketing. This causes marketing to need the sales manager's input each time a new sales strategy is developed.
- Information - Sharing culture - Employees across departments trust each other to use information (Especially about problems and failures) to improve performance.
- Information - Inquiring Culture - Employees across departments search for information to better understand the future and align themselves with current trends and new directions.
- Information - Discovery Culture - Employees across departments are open to new insights about crisis and radical changes and seek ways to create competitive advantages.